India is a beautiful country with its diverse culture and tradition that paved the way for enchanting literature and monuments. One lifetime isn’t just enough to grasp the extricating mystery and charm of the Indian architecture. Every monument sings its rich history and wise saying of the past.
Let’s explore together and unravel the 20 most famous Historical monuments of India and the story behind them.
Top 20 Most Famous Historical Monuments of India
1. Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is a beautiful monument depicting the epitome of love. The monument is built with exquisite marble where the interiors are worked with precious stones.
You will not be surprised with the massive number of tourist who visits this spot if you once look at the marvelling architecture in the banks of river Yamuna.
No surprise that Taj Mahal is listed in the world heritage sites of the world. I believe you would have heard the reason for constructing this monument.
I want to remind you one more time that Taj Mahal was built by a Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved queen Mumtaz. It is a tomb that unravels the love story between the two of star crossed couple.
2. Brihadeeswara Temple
Well everyone can accept that monuments are abundant evidence of the glorious past. But Brihadeeswara temple makes a difference. It is a brilliant example of the richness and pomp of the Chola dynasty. It stands as an epitome of Cholas’s bravery and has survived whole 1000 years of glory.
The modern architects are still wondering to find the nuances of the intrinsic architect of the temple that was built a thousand years ago. The temple is located in Thanjavur. The thirteen feet high and sixteen feet wide bull statue, you can find in the entrance is carved from a single massive granite.
3. Mysore Palace
Seriously, one lifetime isn’t enough to explore the country like India. Karnataka Mysore Palace is one of the favourite destinations of the tourist and historians who are interested in the richness of the buried past. It is a royal building showering pomp and grandeur on all grounds. It is built based on the Indo – Saracenic architecture pattern.
This palace is the storehouse of 700 plus weapons that showcases the bravery of soldiers. The castle is just enchanting with its gaudy colours, mosaic paintings, doors carved from woods and much more. The best time to visit this palace is during national holidays or Sundays where the palace is illuminated with a hundred thousand bulbs that give a new visage to the monument.
4. Agra Fort
I am listing yet another architecture marvel from the Mughal emperors. The building is just stunning with its posh red outlook where the whole building was constructed entirely with red sandstone. It is located in Uttar Pradesh, and it is fondly called “The Red Fortress”.
Akbar built the Agra Fort in 1565 where it has only two gateways to enter the palace. The visitors are allowed through the Amar Singh gate where you can pass through the courts, mosques and other palaces on the way.
5. Victoria Memorial
Victoria memorial stands as an epitome of architecture marvel in India. It was built in 1906 as a memory of Queen Victoria in India. It is located in Kolkata in the banks of the river Hoogly. Victoria Memorial is yet another Indo – Saracenic architecture that reflects the art tradition of the Mughals, Egyptians, British, Venetian and Islamic culture.
The famous monuments of india is now turned into a museum in Kolkata where you can witness a beautiful collection of paintings, stamps, sculptors and paintings. Victoria Mahal stuns every visitor with its lush gardens, picturesque view and royal gallery. One word that defines the monument is elegance.
6. Meenakshi Amman Temple
South India is highly popular for its rich heritage and intricate sculpture style. Meenakshi Amman temple is located in Madurai in the river banks of Vaigai. This temple attracts huge foreign visitors to marvel the splendid Dravidian architecture.
The goddess of the temple is Parvati, who is popularly called as Meenakshi and her spouse is Lord Shiva, who is worshipped as Sundareshwar. The temple is famous for its pillared halls and the stucco figures of deities and mythical animals. It is listed in the UNESCO heritage sites list.
Every year the people of Madurai celebrate thirukalyanam festivals for ten days, which attracts nearly 1 million devotees every year.
7. Amber Fort
If you have decided to explore India, then you have to be open to all the diverse culture and various traditions of India. The Rajputs in the North are highly praised for their chivalry and art. One of the most famous monuments engraved by the Rajput is Amber fort that’s located on the outskirts of Jaipur.
Amber fort is listed in the world heritage sites. The fort was erected by Raja Man Singh with great elegance of the courtyards, halls, gardens and palaces. The palace attracts visitors with its splendid structures with its highly praised construction pattern.
Golgumbaz is a tomb that’s located in Bijapur. Only in India, you can witness beautiful monuments with artistic architecture style. The tomb is a seven-story tower that’s enhanced with a high dome ceiling.
The tomb does have the mortal remains of the Mohammad Adil Shah his wife, daughter, grandson and mistress. The place has excellent acoustics where you can spend time in whispering and enjoying the overall echoing of the site. It is located in Karnataka where it does recall the rich past of Karnataka and its diverse past.
9. Bibi Ka Maqbara
Don’t mistake this place as Taj Mahal. The appearance of Bibi Ka Maqbara looks more like Taj Mahal, but it lacks the marble eloquence of Taj Mahal. It is yet another marvel monument from the Mughals and was built by Azam Khan the son of Aurangazeb for his mother, Durrani.
The tomb has a beautiful outlook which is also built by marble. The gorgeous Deccan hills in the background of the monument give it a stunning appearance.
10. Red Fort
Red fort is one of the prestigious monuments of India. It is yet another enchanting marvel built by Shah Jahan, and soon it was occupied by many nobles and kings for nearly 200 years. It became the capital of the Mughals shortly after its construction.
The Mughals were in love with the marbles and sandstone. It was constructed with elegant red sandstone, and the fort does consist of a number of museums. The monument is said to be engraved with precious stones like diamonds, and it is the blend of Timurid and Persian tradition.
11. Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in the nation. Just like the elegant temples, you can find a good number of splendid mosques in India. People call this masque as Masjid – Jahan – Numa, and Shah Jahan built it with his favourite red stone and marble stone.
The building required more than 5000 artisans to complete the construction. It is a five-storey building with five floors where the first three and the fifth storey is constructed with red sandstone, and the fourth storey is built with marble.
12. Hawa Mahal
Every Indian architecture unravels a different history. After the Mughals, the Rajputs were another prominent kings who left behind a many number palaces and monuments. Hawa Mahal is located in Jaipur. It is a splendid 5 –storey building that was built by King Sawai Pratap Singh.
The statue is built up of stunning honeycomb, beehive structure with intricate window complex pattern. The style of the palace is designed like the crown of the king. The entrance leads you to a large courtyard, and the exciting fact is that the floors are connected through slopes and not stairs.
13. Mehrangarh Fort
India is home for a large number of forts, and Mehrangarh fort in Jodhpur is one of the prominent forts in India. It invites a vast amount of tourists with its invincible beauty.
The fort is located on the high perpendicular cliff and guards the blue city of Jodhpur. It was built by Rao Jodha who is said to be the founder of Jodhpur. It also constrains tall gates and museums. The fort showcases the richness of Jaipur through its vast collection of paintings, arms and palanquins.
14. Golden Temple
Golden temple in Amritsar is a highly renowned temple in India. It was designed by Guru Arjan Dev who is the fifth Guru of Sikhism.
The shrine invites massive audience every year from all over the world. It is made up of marble with a gold plated upper dome that adds so much of pomp and elegance to the shrine.
The holy pond is called Amrit Sarovar, and the devotes believe that dipping in the lake would wash away all the sins.
15. Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple
The Swaminarayan Akshardham is one of the largest Hindu temples in the world. The temple is dedicated to Lord Swaminarayan who is said to be the founder of the modern sect of Hinduism.
The temple lies beautifully in the banks of the river Yamuna that flows in the eastern part of Delhi. The temple is beautifully constructed with a lush garden, musical fountain and picturesque sculpture. The best part is that you can enjoy a boat ride in the temple.
16. Qutab Minar
Qutab Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world. Qutab Minar is erected by Qutab – ud – Aibak after he defeated the last Hindu ruler in Delhi. It is a five-storey tower with beautiful carvings and dotted historical structure.
This monument is the second most towering Minar in the country with its 73 m structure. You can also find other minars in Delhi. It is constructed based son the Indo – Islamic architecture.
17. Gateway of India
Gateway of India stands proud in Mumbai facing the Arabian sea. It is a famous monument that attracts a massive number of tourist from all over the country and abroad. You can find this monument in the waterfront of the Apollo Blunder location. It is yet another monument that was built in the Indo – Saracenic style.
The memorial was built to welcome King George V and the Queen Mary to Mumbai during the British Reign in 1911. It is a 26 m high building with four towers surrounding it.
Charminar is a famous mosque in Hyderabad which was built by Quli Qutab Shah. He was the fifth Sultan of Qutab Shai Dynasty and constructed this palace on the banks of the River Musi. It is one of the oldest mosques you can find India ranging its rich history of four hundred years.
Historians refer this place as Arc de Triomphe of the east. It is constructed with a square-shaped four minarets in each corner. You can find a gallery on the first floor, and it has a lovely view.
19. Khajuraho Temple
Khajuraho is located in Madhya Pradesh. This temple is an epitome of spreading erotica, love and worship. It is also listed in the Popular World Heritage site in India. The temple has a stunning collection of carving, and it is the best example of medieval art in India.
The temple was constructed by the Chandela rulers. It is a reflection of the rich past that celebrated love and eroticism as the basic needs of human. The temple is an architectural marvel with a vast collection of detailed carvings.
Hampi will open doors to the aesthetics of the world. Hampi is known for its archetypal marvel and its old monuments. It is a historical heritage that unfolds long tales about the prosperity, bravery and artistic sense of rich Indian culture.
You can visit this place from October to February, and it’s not a summer city. If you are a foodie lover, then you cherish cuisines that have travelled across the world such as cheesy German foods, pasta with pesto sauce, Israeli Laffa and Hash Brown in Hampi.
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After reading in details about each of these famous monuments, do let us know which ones are your favourite monuments and what are the ones you have visited. Even after generations, the beauty and divinity of these historical monuments of india.