Independence Day in India Have you ever wondered why you get a holiday on 15th August every year? Or why are the malls and all public places closed until evening? Or you might have heard the term Independence Day and wondered what it means. We have written this article to help you understand all the facts and the history behind it.
India Independence Day 2019
What is Independence Day?
Independence day in India can be termed as a day when all the people come together and celebrate being free from colonial rule. On this day, people of all races, caste, religion and sex become one and show their patriotism towards their country.
Similarly, in India, people celebrate their freedom on 15th August. They come together to sing patriotic songs, dance, eat and enjoy each others company. The gathering is ended with hoising the countries flag and singing the National Anthem.
Why Do We Celebrate Independence Day in India
India was a prey of British colonialism for over 200 years. The British entered the country in the 17th century as traders and started ruling India due to an overwhelmingly strong military force. The struggle for independence was very lengthy and full of struggle. Many freedom fighters lost their lives in this journey, and many were tortured by the British men.
On 15th August 1947, India was liberated from this rule after shedding a lot of blood, sweat and tears. All Indians have an emotional connection with this day. On this day, the citizens pay homage to all their forefathers who sacrificed their lives for this nation to be free.
Jawahar Lal Nehru, who was the first Prime Minister of India, raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate- Red Fort in Delhi on 15th August 1947. Since then, each subsequent year, the current prime minister hoists the flag at the red fort and addresses the nation.
The Detailed History of India Independence Day
In the 1600s, the British came to India as traders under the rule of a Mughal emperor called Jahangir. Until the Mughal disintegration, the British played the role of foreign traders only. British could not rule at the time of Mughals as the Mughal empire was too powerful for them to overcome. The Battle of Plassey in 1757 was the commencement of British rule in India. The British expanded their empire all over India until 1857.
In 1857, many Indian leaders came shoulder to shoulder to revolt against this injustice and fought against the British for their right. This gave rise to the first battle of independence, which stopped the British from expanding their territory in India.
There was a widespread of well-coordinated freedom movements throughout the country. British were forced to give many rights to Indians after The Freedom Struggle, which was led by Mahatma Gandhi. More and more campaigns won India their voting rights and Indian Led governments by 1937.
The arrival of World War II brought with it the destruction of the British Economy and the realization that Indians might overpower them.
Finally, on July 18,1947, a law stating that on 15th August 1947, India would become an independent country and would no longer be a part of the British Empire was passed.
How Do Children Celebrate Independence Day in India?
Indian Independence in Day Celebrations:- Half the initiative to educate the youth of the country about this special historic day is taken by the schools. Schools organize various programmes where children dance to the tunes of “Mere Desh ki dharti” and sing patriotic songs like “Vande Mataram”. These celebrations are done a day before in schools as 15th August is considered as a National Holiday.
Children tune into national TV and listen to the prime minister’s speech and ride a bike with the Indian flag soaring in the wind!
Facts about Indian Independence Day
Below We Have provided some information about independence day.
- The name India is derived from a river called ‘Indus’ which was home to the country’s first inhabitants.
- Any country has not been invaded by India in over a thousand centuries.
- The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyog Samyukta Sangha, in Dharwad, is the only manufacturer of the Indian cotton flag.
- India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was featured in the Vogue magazine due to his unique dressing sense. He started a trend of wearing a unique jacket called the “Nehru Jacket.”
- India gained its independence through non-violence
- India shares its independence day with Bahrain, North Korea, Congo, Liechtenstein and South Korea, although in different years.
- India did not have a national anthem at the time of its independence. Jana Gana Mana by Rabindranath Tagore was adopted later in 1950.
- Indian national anthem was first written in a language called Bengali, in 1911.
- Before the day of Independence, India was split into two. This partition led to two countries in the making called India and Pakistan.
- In the partition, many Hindus and Muslims were killed, and many migrated to India or Pakistan. This was the most significant immigration activity the world saw in its history.
- Mahatma Gandhi, famously known as the Father of the Nation among Indians, was not a part of the first independence day celebration. He was occupied in leading a hunger strike to stop the killings during the partition.
- The job of carving the borders of the newly Independent India was given to a British lawyer, Cyril John Radcliffe, who later decline the responsibility after learning the amount of destruction the partition caused.
- At the time of independence, the price of a 10-gram gold bar was 88.62 rupees verses 32,000 rupees in 2019.
- The word ‘Bharat’ came from the Sanskrit name of India- Bharat Ganarajya.
Independence Day Holidays Week Last Years
|Day||Date||Name Of Holiday|
|Sun||Aug 15, 2010||Independence Day|
|Mon||Aug 15, 2011||Independence Day|
|Wen||Aug 15, 2012||Independence Day|
|Thu||Aug 15, 2013||Independence Day|
|Fri||Aug 15, 2014||Independence Day|
|Sat||Aug 15, 2015||Independence Day|
|Mon||Aug 15, 2016||Independence Day|
|Tue||Aug 15, 2017||Independence Day|
|Wed||Aug 15, 2018||Independence Day|
|Thu||Aug 15, 2019||Independence Day|
We hope we could educate you about the India Independence day and the history behind it. Wish to see you soon!
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